Buy Sedalit pills 300 mg, 50 pcs
  • Buy Sedalit pills 300 mg, 50 pcs

Lithium carbonate

Pharmstandard
1228 Items
2019-09-19
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Clinical Pharmacology

Sedalit is a normochemical agent (it normalizes the mental state without causing general inhibition). Sedalit also has antidepressant, sedative and anti-manic effects. The effect is due to lithium ions, which, as antagonists of sodium ions, displace them from the cells and thereby reduce the bioelectric activity of brain neurons. Accelerates the breakdown of biogenic amines (reduced concentration of norepinephrine and serotonin in brain tissue). Sedalit increases the sensitivity of neurons of the hippocampus and other areas of the brain to the action of dopamine. Interacts with lipids formed during the metabolism of inositol.

Pharmacokinetics
When ingestion is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Cmax of the active substance in plasma is reached after approximately 9 hours. Does not bind to plasma proteins. Gets through a placental barrier, it is allocated with breast milk. Not metabolized.
Excreted by the kidneys - 95%, with feces - less than 1%, with perspiration - 4-5%.

Indications

  • Manic and hypomanic states of various genesis,
  • prevention and treatment of affective psychoses,
  • prevention and treatment of affective disorders in patients with chronic alcoholism.
  • Migraine, Meniere's syndrome, sexual disorders, drug addiction.

Composition

1 tablet, film coated, contains: active ingredient: lithium carbonate 300 mg

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Lithium carbonate

Dosage and Administration

The dose is determined by the level of lithium concentration in the blood plasma. Take inside. For adults, the dose is 300-600 mg 3-4 times / day. Therapeutic concentration of lithium in plasma - 0.6-1 mmol / l.

For children under the age of 12 - 15-20 mg 2-3 times / day.

Maximum Daily Dose for adults when administered is 2.4 g.

Adverse reactions

From the side of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system: muscular weakness, hand tremor, weakness, drowsiness, with prolonged use, articulation disorders, hyperreflexia are possible.

Since the cardiovascular system: heart rhythm disorders.

From the digestive system: dyspepsia.

From the side of the endocrine system: rarely, dysfunction of the thyroid gland.

Other: increased thirst, impaired blood formation, leukocytosis, weight gain.

  • Leukemia
  • severe surgery
  • pregnancy,
  • lactation.

Drug interactions

With simultaneous use with thiazide diuretics, indapamide, a rapid increase in the concentration of lithium in the blood plasma and the development of toxic effects is possible.
With simultaneous use with ACE inhibitors, it is possible to increase the concentration of lithium in the blood plasma and the development of toxic effects; with NSAIDs - may increase the toxic effects of lithium; with iodine preparations - an increase in the risk of thyroid dysfunction is possible; with xanthine derivatives - it is possible to increase the elimination of lithium in the urine, which can lead to a decrease in its effectiveness.
With simultaneous use with alprazolam may be a clinically significant increase in the concentration of lithium in the blood plasma; with acyclovir - described a case of increased toxic action of lithium; with baclofen - described cases of increased hyperkinetic symptoms in patients with Huntington's chorea.

With simultaneous use of lithium carbonate with verapamil drug interaction is unpredictable. With the simultaneous use of lithium carbonate with diltiazem, a case of psychosis has been described.
With simultaneous use with haloperidol may increase extrapyramidal symptoms; with carbamazepine, clonazepam - possible development of neurotoxicity.
With simultaneous use with methyldopa, the toxic effect of lithium may develop; with metronidazole - it is possible to increase the concentration of lithium in the blood plasma.
When used simultaneously with sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, high sodium intake enhances the elimination of lithium, which can lead to a decrease in its effectiveness.
With simultaneous use with norepinephrine, it is possible to reduce the vasoconstrictor action of norepinephrine; with phenytoin - described the development of symptoms of toxic effects of lithium; with fluoxetine - it is possible to increase the concentration of lithium in the blood plasma and the development of toxic effects; with furosemide, bumetanide described cases of increased toxic action of lithium.
With simultaneous use with chlorpromazine and other phenothiazines, it is possible to decrease the absorption of phenothiazines from the gastrointestinal tract and reduce their plasma concentration by 40%, increase the intracellular concentration of lithium and its rate of excretion with urine, increase the risk of extrapyramidal reactions, cerebral dysfunction elderly people).

Pregnancy and Lactation

Contraindicated for use in pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding).

Special instructions

It is used with caution in cardiovascular diseases (including AV block, intraventricular block), central nervous system diseases (including epilepsy, parkinsonism, organic lesions, schizophrenia), severe dehydration, infectious diseases, urinary retention, renal insufficiency, as well as in diabetes mellitus, hyperparathyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, psoriasis, in debilitated patients, and in hyponatremia of any etiology.
Elderly patients and debilitated patients require correction dosing regimen.
Nausea and vomiting, as early signs of lithium toxicity, may be masked by the antiemetic effect of some phenothiazines.
During the first month of therapy, the concentration of lithium in the blood plasma should be monitored weekly. When a stable concentration is reached, the control is carried out monthly, then once every 2-3 months.
During the period of treatment to prevent the use of alcohol.
Dosage forms of prolonged action should not be used in children under the age of 12 years, do not alternate with other dosage forms.

Influence on ability to drive motor transport and control mechanisms
During the period of treatment, care should be taken when driving vehicles and engaging in other potentially hazardous activities that require increased attention and speed of psychomotor reactions.

  • Brand name: Sedalit
  • Active ingredient: Lithium carbonate
  • Dosage form: Film Coated pills
  • Manufacturer: Pharmstandard
  • Country of Origin: Russia

Studies and clinical trials of Lithium carbonate (Click to expand)

  1. The effect of lithium carbonate on lymphocyte, granulocyte, and platelet function
  2. Raman spectroscopic study of lithium and sodium perchlorate association in propylene carbonate–water mixed solvents
  3. [Inorganic Syntheses] Inorganic Syntheses Volume 1 || Purification of Lithium Carbonate
  4. The effect of lithium carbonate on the structure of the rat kidney
  5. Human leukocyte interferon-mediated granulopoietic differentiation arrest and its abrogation by lithium carbonate
  6. The effect of lithium carbonate on chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and thrombocytopenia
  7. Lithium carbonate in pseudobulbar palsy
  8. Treatment of the “on-off” phenomenon in parkisnonism with lithium carbonate
  9. Soft segmental effect of methylene bis(p-cyclohexyl isocyanate) based thermoplastic polyurethane impregnated with lithium perchlorate/propylene carbonate on ionic conductivity
  10. Effect of the grain size of nanoparticle dye-coated titanium dioxide on the short-circuit current density and open-circuit voltage of an indium tin oxide/titanium dioxide/poly(acrylonitrile)–propylene carbonate–lithium perchlorate/graphite solar cell
  11. Fabrication and properties of crosslinked poly(propylene carbonate maleate) gel polymer electrolyte for lithium-ion battery
  12. Teratogenic Effect of Lithium Carbonate in Early Development of Balb/C Mouse
  13. Bioavailability of lithium from lithium citrate syrup versus conventional lithium carbonate tablets
  14. Anodic Dissolution of Lithium in LiClO4-Ethylene Carbonate Electrolytes
  15. ChemInform Abstract: Oxidation of Benzylic Alcohols with Iodine and Lithium Carbonate in Ionic Liquid.
  16. Vibrational Spectroscopic Study on Ion Solvation and Association of Lithium Perchlorate in 4-Methoxymethyl-ethylene Carbonate
  17. Vibrational Spectroscopic Study on Ion Solvation and Ion Association of Lithium Tetrafluoroborate in 4-Ethoxymethyl-ethylene Carbonate
  18. Elucidating the Beneficial Effect of Vinylene Carbonate on the Electrochemistry of Antimony Electrodes in Lithium Batteries
  19. On-line monitoring of lithium carbonate dissolution
  20. Preparation of lithium carbonate hollow spheres by spray pyrolysis
  21. Nociceptive responses of 3-day-old rat pups to IP injection of lithium carbonate
  22. Extinction of spherulites and improvement of polyethylene properties by the use of lithium carbonate
  23. Adjunctive use of lithium carbonate for the management of neutropenia in clozapine-treated children

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